Subterranean Termites

The most common type of termite in North America is the subterranean termite which is also known as the soil feeding termite. This kind is known to feed on paper, cotton, wood, tree and bush roots. They especially enjoy the cellulose part of wood.

The Desert Subterranean

colony of termites

Desert Subterranean Termites are found in areas of the United States with dry desert climates. This is because they are the only type that can burrow and feed in dry conditions. This means that they are generally found in New Mexico, Arizona, Western Texas, and Southern California.

They look different in appearance from their counter parts in that they have long slender mandibles rather than the normal stout wide mandibles seen in other species. The soldiers of this species are much smaller than those of other termite species. This allows them to penetrate smaller cracks and openings.

When a home is infested with them, one will often see small mud tubes hanging from shelves, overhangs, wood ceilings, and such. Their food of choice, like many others is the cellulose part of wood.

The Eastern Subterranean

eastern subterranean termites

Eastern Subterranean Termites can develop colonies that are up to 5 million in number. They have what is called a swarm intelligence, which means that they act and they move as if they were one entity. It is not uncommon for a Eastern Subterranean colony to live for up to 30 years.

These termites can be found throughout a building whether it be the rafters of the attic or the foundation in the basement. Sometimes you may even find the wings of the kings and queens of the colony lying around. You need to be on the watch for their tunnels and tubes as the swarms are not generally easy to see. This means that many homes are being destroyed without the owners realizing it.

The Formosan Subterranean

Our Arlington termite removal specialists deal with many kinds of termites. The Formosan Subterranean is one of those. It is usually found in the warm southern states of the United States.

Did you know that Hawaii has its own population of Formosan Subterranean Termites?

formosan subterranean termites

The Formosan Subterranean Termite is nicknamed as the “super termite” due to its ability to eat a vast amount of wood in a very small amount of time. Their healthy adult colonies can eat up to a pound of wood a day. In addition to that, the colony queen is able to lay up to 1300 eggs per day. These two facts cause them to create the highest amount of property damage of all the termite species in the United States.

These termites don’t just stick to wood, either. They have been known to eat wood, plaster, plastic, and even metal. A tell-tale sign of a Formosan Subterranean Termite infestation is in the bulging of your walls. This is caused by their tunnels made from their saliva and feces. When you see this bulging, time is of the essence and you need to get a professional to come take care of your problem before the colony eats you out of house and home, literally!

 

The Western Subterranean

subterranean termites

The Western Subterranean Termite is the most common type for the western part of the United States. This species usually builds its colony underground, just below the frost line yet still above the water table.

They are capable to enter homes by squeezing through the cracks found in foundations or other building materials. In fact, they can squeeze through cracks as small 1/16 of an inch wide.

Termites have a special way of feeding their colony members. Their food of choice is the cellulose part of wood which is found in walls, floors, dressers, tables, etc. Their damage is normally found on the first floor of the home and in the basement. Substantial damage to a home could be experience a year or 2, at most, if a colony is built next to a mature and healthy colony.

Arlington Pest Control provides both termite removal and prevention. Call your Arlington specialists at (817) 522-3223 to protect your home from termites in the Arlington, Texas area.

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